How to start an export business in India?

Starting an export business from India can be a lucrative opportunity, but it requires thorough planning and preparation. To establish an export business from India, you need to follow certain steps and obtain key documents. These steps include conducting market research, registering your business, obtaining necessary licenses, and setting up a bank account. Additionally, you must acquire documents like an Import Export Code, a Goods and Services Tax Registration, and a Certificate of Origin. With proper planning and the necessary documentation in place, you can successfully establish an export business from India.

Step 1: Identify Your Product and Market

The first step in starting an export business from India is identifying your product and target market. It would help if you determined what you want to export, your target market, and the demand for your product in that market. Research the market, competition, and regulations to ensure that there is a demand for your product and that you can comply with all regulations.

Step 2: Register Your Business

Once you have identified your product and market, you must register your business. This can be done through the Registrar of Companies (ROC), which is part of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs. You will need to provide details about your company, such as its name, address, and the names of the directors.

Step 3: Obtain Licenses and Permits

Once your business is registered, you must obtain the licenses and permits to export your product. The specific rights and permits you need will depend on the type of product you are shipping and the regulations in the target market. For example, if you are exporting food products, you must obtain a Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) license.

Step 4: Arrange for Logistics

Once your business is registered, and you have obtained the necessary licenses and permits, you must arrange logistics. This involves placing for transportation, storage, and insurance for your product. You can either arrange these services yourself or hire a third-party logistics provider.

Step 5: Prepare the Necessary Documents

Before you can start exporting your product, you need to prepare the necessary documents. The key documents you need to have in place include the following:

  • Commercial Invoice: This document lists the details of the goods being exported, such as the quantity, value, and description of the product.
  • Bill of Lading: This document is a receipt for the shipped goods. It also serves as a contract between the shipper and the carrier.
  • Certificate of Origin: This document confirms the origin of the exported goods. It is required for some countries to verify that the goods are not being imported from a restricted or banned source.
  • Export Declaration Form (EDF): This form is required for all exports from India. It serves as a declaration of the goods being exported and their value.
  • Shipper’s Export Declaration (SED): This document is required for exports from the United States. It provides Information about the goods being exported, the value of the goods, and their destination.

Step 6: Choose Your Payment Method

Lastly, you need to choose your payment method. The most common export payment methods include Letters of Credit, Advance Payment, and Open Accounts. You must select the best payment method for your business and target market.


In conclusion, starting an export business from India can be profitable but requires careful planning and preparation. Ensure you follow these steps and have the necessary documents before exporting your product. Paapos, as a company dealing in national shipping service, can provide assistance and support with all your logistics needs, including customs clearance and delivery to your customers. Feel free to contact us if you have any questions or need assistance.

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